This RSS feed URL is deprecated

This RSS feed URL is deprecated, please update. New URLs can be found in the footers at https://news.google.com/news
Categories: Google News

This RSS feed URL is deprecated

Northwest Russia - 21 min 21 sec ago
This RSS feed URL is deprecated, please update. New URLs can be found in the footers at https://news.google.com/news
Categories: Google News

This RSS feed URL is deprecated

Nord Stream - 21 min 22 sec ago
This RSS feed URL is deprecated, please update. New URLs can be found in the footers at https://news.google.com/news
Categories: Google News

NDI Poll: 30% of Respondents Believe Russian Propaganda Exists in Georgia

StopFake.org - 1 hour 12 min ago

By Tabula

The National Democratic Institute (NDI) released the results of their most recent public opinion survey in Georgia regarding major issues surrounding the country, its foreign policies, efficiency of the government’s work, and political propaganda.

The fieldwork for the survey was carried out from November 29th to December 19th, 2017 throughout the regions of Georgia, excluding the occupied territories of Abkhazia and South Ossetia. 2,298 face-to-face interviews were conducted based on a sampling selection. The NDI survey was conducted by CRRC-Georgia. The average margin of error is +/- 1.9%.

According to the NDI survey, 30% of respondents believe that political propaganda is common in Georgia. 53% disagreed and 17% did not answer the question.

To the question about Russian/US/EU propaganda, the results were:

29% believe that propaganda promoting the European Union exists in the country, 45% disagreed with this opinion, and 26% did not answer the question.

28% believe that there is propaganda coming from the United States. 44% did not agree with the opinion and 28% did not answer the question.

Respondents were given the definition of propaganda as “an attempt to spread information especially of a biased or misleading nature, to promote a positive image of a specific country, justify its actions and create a negative image of the opposing countries.”

Out of the 30% who believe that Russian propaganda exists in Georgia, 53% say it is spread through Georgian TV channels, and 32% believes Russian propaganda is promoted by political parties. 28% name the Internet and social media as a weapon for spreading Russian propaganda, 12% blame society, and 11% think foreign TV channels spread the misleading and biased information.

Out of the 29% of interviewed respondents who believe that there is a propaganda from the European Union, 66% thinks it is spread via Georgian TV channels, 31% thinks propaganda reaches society through the Internet and social media. 23% of respondents believe political parties bring propaganda to the public, 11% blame society, and 8% claims foreign TV Channels are responsible for spreading propaganda.

Out of the 28% who believe that US propaganda is heavily present in Georgia, 66% say that it is spread through Georgian TV channels, 32% believe information comes from the Internet and social media, 26% from political parties, 10% from society, and 9% think propaganda is spread through foreign TV channels.

By Tabula

Categories: World News

Russia, Iran open their arms as Turkey loses patience with US - NBCNews.com

Northwest Russia - 1 hour 42 min ago

Bloomberg

Russia, Iran open their arms as Turkey loses patience with US
NBCNews.com
Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has also warned of an imminent incursion into Kurdish-controlled Afrin in northwest Syria. Turkey sees the YPG as an extension of the separatist Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK), which is considered a terrorist ...
Turkey Seeks Russian, Iranian Consent for Syria AirstrikesBloomberg
The Latest: Syria vows to shoot down Turkish fighter jetsWashington Post
Turkey awaits Russian permission for aerial campaign on Afrin KurdsKurdistan24
Aljazeera.com
all 468 news articles »
Categories: Google News

Swedes taught how to prepare for war, by the book - The Australian


The Australian

Swedes taught how to prepare for war, by the book
The Australian
“A modern version of total defence must be able to protect from external attempts to influence democratic society,” he said. Sweden is also rushing to bolster its military defences on the island of Gotland, a strategic prize in the Baltic Sea. In 2016 ...

and more »
Categories: Google News

French Engie Fearless in Face of Nord Stream-2 Sanctions - Georgia Today

Nord Stream - 4 hours 14 min ago

Georgia Today

French Engie Fearless in Face of Nord Stream-2 Sanctions
Georgia Today
The French power company Engie will continue to support the project of construction of the Nord Stream-2 gas pipeline despite anti-Russian sanctions, Gérard Mestrallet, Chairman of the Board of Directors of the Engie Group, announced at the Gaidar ...

Categories: Google News

Turkey Seeks Russian, Iranian Consent for Syria Airstrikes - Bloomberg

Northwest Russia - 4 hours 31 min ago

Bloomberg

Turkey Seeks Russian, Iranian Consent for Syria Airstrikes
Bloomberg
Tillerson was reported Wednesday as denying that a border security force will be established, saying the issue has been “misportrayed.” Earlier this week, the U.S.-led coalition against Islamic State confirmed that such a unit was to be built ...
Russia, Iran open their arms as Turkey loses patience with USNBCNews.com
Tillerson denies US plans to form Syria border forceAljazeera.com

all 437 news articles »
Categories: Google News

The Latest: Syria vows to shoot down Turkish fighter jets - Washington Post

Northwest Russia - 6 hours 54 min ago

The Latest: Syria vows to shoot down Turkish fighter jets
Washington Post
Turkey's military says the country's chief of military staff and intelligence chief have traveled to Russia for talks on the situation in Syria. Their visit on Thursday comes as Turkey threatens to launch a military offensive against the Syrian Kurdish ...

and more »
Categories: Google News

The Latest: Turkish military, intel chiefs travel to Russia - Kansas City Star

Northwest Russia - 6 hours 58 min ago

Daily Beast

The Latest: Turkish military, intel chiefs travel to Russia
Kansas City Star
The Latest on developments in Syria (all times local):. 12:10 p.m.. Turkey's military says the country's chief of military staff and intelligence chief have traveled to Russia for talks on the situation in Syria. Their visit on Thursday comes as Turkey ...
Syrian opposition iced out of White HouseAl-Monitor
United States - Business StandardBusiness Standard
US-Led Coalition Goes Ahead With Training New Border Force in Syria - ReportsSputnik International
Bush White House Archives
all 107 news articles »
Categories: Google News

The Latest: Turkish military, intel chiefs travel to Russia - ABC News

Northwest Russia - 6 hours 58 min ago

Pittsburgh Post-Gazette

The Latest: Turkish military, intel chiefs travel to Russia
ABC News
Turkey's military says the country's chief of military staff and intelligence chief have traveled to Russia for talks on the situation in Syria. Their visit on Thursday comes as Turkey threatens to launch a military offensive against the Syrian Kurdish ...
Tillerson denies US plans to form Syria border forceAljazeera.com
Syrian opposition iced out of White HouseAl-Monitor

all 88 news articles »
Categories: Google News

White House officials claim sweeping 'executive privilege' in Russia probes - Northwest Herald

Northwest Russia - 12 hours 19 min ago

Northwest Herald

White House officials claim sweeping 'executive privilege' in Russia probes
Northwest Herald
Burck is also representing top White House lawyer Don McGahn in special counsel Robert Mueller's investigation into contacts between the Trump campaign and Russia. The White House official and a second person familiar with Bannon's interview who ...

and more »
Categories: Google News

The US is preparing a mine under the “Nord stream-2” - www.MICEtimes.asia (press release)

Nord Stream - 13 hours 8 min ago

www.MICEtimes.asia (press release)

The US is preparing a mine under the “Nord stream-2”
www.MICEtimes.asia (press release)
French energy Corporation Engie intends to support the project “Nord stream-2,” regardless of U.S. sanctions. This statement was made Chairman of the Board of Directors of gérard Mestrallet on the sidelines of the Gaidar economic forum in Moscow ...

Categories: Google News

Syrian opposition iced out of White House - Al-Monitor

Northwest Russia - 16 hours 42 min ago

Al-Monitor

Syrian opposition iced out of White House
Al-Monitor
A delegation of leading opposition figures touched down in Washington this week hoping to convince White House officials to protect rebel-held zones in northwestern Syria from forces loyal to President Bashar al-Assad. Instead, even as the Donald Trump ...
United States - Business StandardBusiness Standard
US-Led Coalition Goes Ahead With Training New Border Force in Syria - ReportsSputnik International
President Outlines Strategy for Victory in Iraq - Bush White House ArchivesBush White House Archives

all 107 news articles »
Categories: Google News

Sweden reissues 1940s survival guide If War Comes | World | The ... - The Times


The Times

Sweden reissues 1940s survival guide If War Comes | World | The ...
The Times
A booklet advising citizens how to prepare for war and survive an attack is to be reissued to all 4.7 million households in Sweden amid growing fears of Russian.

and more »
Categories: Google News

Nord Stream Gas Pipeline Sends 51 Bcm to EU - Oil & Gas 360 - Oil & Gas 360

Nord Stream - Thu, 01/18/2018 - 01:55

Oil & Gas 360

Nord Stream Gas Pipeline Sends 51 Bcm to EU - Oil & Gas 360
Oil & Gas 360
The Nord Stream Pipeline delivered 51 billion cubic meters (Bcm) of natural gas to consumers in the European Union in 2017. This means that the pipeline system operated at 93% of its annual design capacity of 55 Bcm. This is the highest utilization ...

and more »
Categories: Google News

Attacker of Russian radio host diagnosed with schizophrenia - WPXI Pittsburgh

Northwest Russia - Wed, 01/17/2018 - 23:12

Attacker of Russian radio host diagnosed with schizophrenia
WPXI Pittsburgh
Ekho Moskvy reported Wednesday that doctors at Moscow's Serbsky hospital diagnosed Grits, a dual citizen of Russia and Israel, as suffering from paranoid schizophrenia. Felgenhauer said on Ekho Moskvy that she trusts the doctors' conclusion and expects ...

and more »
Categories: Google News

Electric car owners in Vladivostok unite to mount Russia's newest protest movement - Bellona

Northwest Russia - Wed, 01/17/2018 - 21:37

Bellona

Electric car owners in Vladivostok unite to mount Russia's newest protest movement
Bellona
With cities like Moscow and St Petersburg getting most of the attention for their electric car ownership and budding charging infrastructure – though by western European standards even those numbers are small – figures out on the Russia Pacific coast ...

Categories: Google News

American views: Trust, media and democracy

StopFake.org - Wed, 01/17/2018 - 18:42

By Knight Foundation

Technological advances have made it easier for Americans to connect with each other and to find information, including details about the major issues facing the country. But those advances present both challenges and opportunities for individuals and U.S. institutions.

Not only is more information readily available, but so is more misinformation, and many consumers may not be able to easily discern the difference between the two.

Amid the changing informational landscape, media trust in the U.S. has been eroding, making it harder for the news media to fulfill their democratic responsibilities of informing the public and holding government leaders accountable.

Results of the 2017 Gallup/Knight Foundation Survey on Trust, Media and Democracy show that most Americans believe it is now harder to be well-informed and to determine which news is accurate. They increasingly perceive the media as biased and struggle to identify objective news sources. They believe the media continue to have a critical role in our democracy but are not very positive about how the media are fulfilling that role.

The research reported here is based on a nationally representative mail survey of more than 19,000 U.S. adults aged 18 and older. This project received support from theJohn S. and James L. Knight Foundation, the Ford Foundation, the Bill & Melinda GatesFoundation and Open Society Foundations.

KEY FINDINGS Americans believe the news media have an important role to play in democracy, particularly in terms of informing the public, yet they do not believe the media are fulfilling that role.
  • More than eight in 10 U.S. adults believe the news media are critical or very important to our democracy. They see the most important roles played by the media as making sure Americans have the knowledge they need to be informed about public affairs and holding leaders accountable for their actions.
  • At the same time, Americans are more likely to say the media perform these roles poorly than to say they are performing them well.
  • The public divides evenly on the question of who is primarily responsible for ensuring people have an accurate and politically balanced understanding of the news — 48% say the news media and 48% say individuals themselves.
Americans believe that it is increasingly harder to be a well-informed citizen.
  • By 58% to 38%, Americans say it is harder rather than easier to be informed today due to the plethora of informationand news sources available.
  • Half of U.S. adults feel confident there are enough sources to allow people to cut through bias to sort out the facts in the news — down from 66% a generation ago.
  • Twenty-seven percent of Americans say they, personally, are “very confident” that they can tell when a news source is reporting factual news versus commentary or opinion.
  • Based on their self-reported knowledge of current events and perceptions of how easy it is to discern truth from misinformation in news reporting, most Americans fall into the categories of either Knowledgeable Optimists, who are informed and believe it is possible to find the truth, or Inattentive Skeptics, who are less informed and pessimistic that the truth can be identified. Partisanship and education influence these beliefs.
Americans’ perceptions of the news media are generally negative, and their perceptions of bias have grown considerably from a generation ago. A majority cannot name an objective news source.
  • More Americans have a negative (43%) than a positive (33%) view of the news media, while 23% are neutral.• Today, 66% of Americans say most news media do not do a good job of separating fact from opinion. In 1984, 42% held this view.
  • Less than half of Americans, 44%, say they can think of a news source that reports the news objectively. Republicans who can name an accurate source overwhelmingly mention Fox News®, while Democrats’ responses are more varied.
  • On a multiple-item media trust scale with scores ranging from a low of zero to a high of 100, the average American scores a 37.
  • Media trust is highly influenced by partisanship, with Democrats largely trusting the media and Republicans distrusting. Older Americans tend to view the media more positively than younger adults do.
Americans are highly concerned about the effects of “fake news” on our democracy, but their definitions of “fake news” vary.
  • Seventy-three percent of Americans say the spread of inaccurate information on the internet is a major problem with news coverage today; this percentage is higher than for any other potential type of news bias.3 Copyright © 2018 Gallup, Inc. All rights reserved.American Views: Trust, Media and Democracy
  • A majority of U.S. adults consider “fake news” a very serious threat to our democracy.
  • Americans are most likely to believe that people knowingly portraying false information as if it were true always constitutes “fake news.”
  • Four in 10 Republicans consider accurate news stories that cast a politician or political group in a negative light to always be “fake news.”
Americans view many newer sources of news positively, but they are less positive about social media.
  • Underscoring the changing news landscape, equal proportions of Americans rely on social media as rely on newspapers to stay informed.
  • Majorities say the effect of citizen videos, the internet, cable news and news aggregators has been positive for the news environment, while a majority say the impact of social media — and politicians’ use of it to communicate directly to citizens — has been negative.
Even in the midst of technological change affecting the news environment, television news programs are the most popular news source. TV news and newspapers are most trusted.
  • Roughly two-thirds of U.S. adults say they rely on television news “a great deal” or “a fair amount” for staying up to date on news.
  • Internet news websites are the next-most-common source.
  • Americans have the greatest trust in national network news and local and national newspapers to provide mostly accurate and politically balanced news. They trust cable news more than they trust internet news sources.•
  • Younger adults (aged under 50) are more likely to consume news online, including on social media, while older adults are much more likely to watch or listen to news.
  • Reliance on newspapers is most common among adults with graduate degrees, as well as those who are aged 65 and older.
The public expresses concerns about the role that major technology companies are playing in the modern news environment, but it is divided on whether they should be regulated.
  • Seven in 10 U.S. adults report getting news at least occasionally from major internet platforms such as Google®,Facebook® or Yahoo®.
  • The public considers these internet platforms’ methods to direct news stories to individual users based on their past browsing history problematic for democracy. However, they divide on whether these companies’ methods should be regulated.
The news media may have as much potential to reinforce existing views as they do to persuade.
  • Most Americans claim to rely on a mix of liberal and conservative news sources, but one in four admit to getting news from only one perspective.
  • Forty-six percent of U.S. adults claim to have firm views that rarely change.
  • Americans commonly share news stories with others — primarily with like-minded people.
publication Details
  • Author: Knight Foundation
  • Publication Date: 01/16/2018
  • Focus Area: Journalism
Project Links

By Knight Foundation

Knight Foundation funds ideas from people with the vision, tenacity, courage, know-how, and commitment to discovery to see them through.

Categories: World News

Kremlin Watch Briefing: Czech presidential gambit

StopFake.org - Wed, 01/17/2018 - 18:26

Topics of the Week

Unusual vigor: In a WSJ interview, President Trump spoke about protecting the integrity of US elections from foreign interference and stated that his administration is “looking at all sorts of failsafes” in order to prevent foreign meddling in the 2018 elections.

Czech presidential gambit: Miloš Zeman faces run-off after topping Czech presidential elections. The President, who has been criticised for his warm relations with Russia and China, received 38.6% of votes and now faces pro-Western candidate Jiří Drahoš (26.6%) in the second round.

Sweden will create a new public authority responsible for countering disinformation and increasing resilience among the public, says PM Löfven.

Information Laundering: The GMF’s Alliance for Securing Democracy has published a report suggesting a new approach to conceptualizing information influence operations. The authors note an “operational resemblance between the spread of disinformation and the laundering of illicit funds”.

Good Old Soviet Joke

Seeing a pompous and lavish burial of a member of the Politburo, Rabinovich sadly shakes his head: “What a waste! With this kind of money, I could have buried the entire Politburo!”

US Developments Russian hackers eye the US Senate

Cybersecurity firm Trend Micro Inc. has published a report claiming that the Russian hacking group Fancy Bear that targeted the Democratic National Committee during the 2016 presidential campaign has been preparing an espionage operation against the US Senate for several months. The author of the report explained that he discovered “a clutch of suspicious-looking websites dressed up to look like the U.S. Senate’s internal email system”, whose digital fingerprints he cross-referenced with those used almost exclusively by Fancy Bear.

Kremlin trolls are going after Trump’s Republican critics

A report in Mother Jones, based on the cybersecurity project Hamilton 68, details how pro-Kremlin social media accounts are targeting prominent Republican critics of President Trump, including John McCain – the most consistent target – as well as Mitt Romney, Jeff Flake, and Bob Corker, among others. In what is now a well-document tactic, these trolls typically repost and amplify hyperpartisan material originating on far-right US websites rather than in Russian media. For instance, McCain’s health has been a trending topic, with articles like “As the Trump Dossier Scandal Grows and Implicates Him, McCain checks into Hospital” from the right-of-Breitbart site True Pundit gathering steam with help from the Russian accounts. Read the report for further examples.

“We’re going to be very, very careful about Russia – and about anybody else, by the way.”

In an interview with the Wall Street Journal, President Trump stated that his administration is “looking at all sorts of failsafes” and “working on different solutions” in order to prevent foreign meddling in the 2018 elections. While continuing to maintain that the 2016 election was not influenced by Russia “in terms of votes”, Trump nonetheless spoke with unusual vigor about protecting the integrity of US elections from foreign interference: “We’re going to be very, very careful about Russia – and about anybody else, by the way. […] We are going to make sure that no country, including Russia, can have anything to do with the results of the midterms or any other election, OK? That’s what our country is all about.” As with most things the President says, it remains to be seen whether he sticks to this message or once again changes his mind…

Turning the tables: Washington, DC trolls Putin

The city of Washington, DC has announced plans to rename the street in front of the Russian embassy after Boris Nemtsov, the Russian opposition leader who was assassinated in Moscow in 2015. Federal legislation to rename the street was introduced last year in both the House and Senate, but has not been passed. The Senate bill stipulates that the address of the compound containing Russia’s embassy, consulate, and ambassador’s residence would be changed to 1 Boris Nemtsov Plaza. Russian officials have long been against the move and sought to address it with their US counterparts. Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov noted that the decision comes at a time when “bilateral relations between the two countries still leave much to be desired, mildly speaking.”

The Kremlin’s Current Narrative Hold on, Twitter

A few months ago, the internet was shaken up by Twitter’s decision to ban ads from RT and Sputnik over Russia’s US election interference. While many saluted this decision as a long-awaited step to counter Russian disinformation, Russian state media and MFA officials vowed “retaliatory measures”. We didn’t need to wait long to see an attempt to destroy Twitter’s reputation. RT published a report by Project Veritas claiming that “Twitter ‘shadow bans’ undesirable voices, censors free speech” and quotes Steven Pierre, a Twitter software engineer. No need to be a prophet to realize that in the Twitter vs. RT battle, the latter assumes a position of victimhood, accusing Twitter of censoring a certain way of thinking.

“Sanctions didn’t work”

Whenever Vzglyad writes about foreign affairs, it is a classic compilation of Kremlin narratives. Vzglyad never tires of reminding us that sanctions didn’t work. It also claims that sanctions aren’t a European idea but a solely American initiative that pushes EU countries to go against their national interests. Apparently, someone at the newspaper also has a time machine that allows them to see into the future. It’s revealed that Merkel will no longer be Europe’s leader and now it’s time for Macron to take the spotlight. He won’t be able to solve the EU’s internal problems, but will be able to resolve problems in the Eastern neighbourhood by “putting the Ukrainian problem in the corner” and “creating” progress with implementation of the Minsk agreement. Vzglyad sums up this beautiful piece by stating that “restoring relations with Russia will be one of President Macron’s priorities”.

Policy & Research News Will Russia retain its key ally in Prague?

This weekend, the first round of presidential elections was held in the Czech Republic. During the presidential campaign, experts and several of the candidates warned against disinformation attacks that might influence the public vote. The leading reason behind these concerns is that, for the last five years, the Kremlin’s greatest Central European ally has been sitting in Prague Castle. Czech President Miloš Zeman often visits Russia and frequently shares the views of Vladimir Putin, including his disdain for journalists, the annexation of Crimea being a ‘done deal’, and denying the presence of Russian soldiers in the separatist regions of Ukraine. Zeman’s colleagues also have intimate and questionable ties to Russia: his economic advisor Martin Nejedly previously worked in Russia and the Russian energy giant Lukoil paid a fine Nejedly was given for selling oil from strategic reserves, so that he could remain in his position without security clearance.

The second election round is taking place at the end of the month; we are expecting probable strong attacks against Zeman’s opponent, Jiri Drahoš, whose views are on Russia and the transatlantic alliance are the polar opposite of Zeman’s.

“The deciding factor is expected to be an intensive disinformation campaign directed against Professor Drahoš in the two weeks leading up to the second round. We’ve already seen a growing number of attacks related to migration and his personal affairs, which are likely to intensify”, says Jakub Janda, head of the Kremlin Watch Program.

Macron wants to fight “fake news”, but what else?

Alina Polyakova warns in her brief expert contribution to Axios that even though French President Emmanuel Macron presents himself as a Kremlin hawk with respect to disinformation, France still remains Russia’s biggest foreign investor. Furthermore, France plans to double its investments and revive the bilateral economic agenda, despite the sanctions regime against the Russian Federation enacted by the European Union and United States.

People in Donbas have little choice but to be manipulated

Mariia Terentieva navigates a sensitive topic in her article for New Eastern Europe – the public opinion amongst residents of Ukraine’s separatist regions. She points out that these people cannot be blamed for their oft-distorted perceptions of what is happening in Ukraine and for their credulity in the face of disinformation. Often, they have no alternatives to Russian TV, and online fact-checking initiatives rarely reach them. She also points out several Ukrainian initiatives that are trying to address this problem, such as UA.TV, Ukrinform, and Hromadske radio. Still, she warns, once the separatist regions return to Ukrainian control, it will be challenging to reintegrate their citizens after such extensive manipulation.

Kremlin Watch Reading Suggestion

U.S. Congressional report: Putin’s Asymmetric Assault on Democracy           in Russia and Europe

More than a year after the presidential elections which sparked a contentious debate about Russian electoral interference in the United States, Congress finally released a comprehensive report detailing Russian efforts to undermine the Western democratic order. A new report published by the U.S. Senate Committee on Foreign Relations explains the Kremlin’s subversive influence tactics and provides an overview and assessment of countermeasures employed by European countries, which serve as a basis for recommendations of how the United States should tackle the issue.

The report, compiled by Democratic senators on the committee, is very critical of President Donald Trump. “Never before in American history has so clear a threat to national security been so clearly ignored by a U.S. president,” it says. The senators urge Trump and the country as a whole to start treating the problem with the urgency it deserves and to actively deter Russian hostilities. This failing, the Kremlin will continue to develop and refine its hybrid arsenal to deploy against democracies around the world, including in the upcoming U.S. elections in 2018 and 2020. The report’s recommendations, based on lessons learnt from the European experience, are well-articulated and clever – we strongly recommend having a look at them. Also, we are very proud to be mentioned three times in the report and named as an example of good practice.

Information Laundering

The GMF’s Alliance for Securing Democracy has published a new report suggesting a new approach to conceptualizing and investigating information influence operations. Specifically, the authors note an “operational resemblance between the spread of disinformation and the laundering of illicit funds”:

“Just as ill-gotten money needs to be moved from an illegitimate source into an established financial institution, disinformation is most powerful when a façade of legitimacy is created through “information laundering.” Russian disinformation follows a similar pattern (as money laundering); only here, the currency is information and the reward is influence.”

The report also comes with its own vocabulary on information laundering:

Image: Alliance for Securing Democracy

Kremlin Watch is a strategic program of the European Values Think-Tank, which aims to expose and confront instruments of Russian influence and disinformation operations focused against liberal-democratic system.

Categories: World News